PHP Super globals


The superglobals are available throughout your script. Superglobals include form data sent from your visitor, cookie data, session information, local server information, and more.


PHP superglobal


There are nine superglobal arrays available shown in the following table.


Superglobals — Superglobals are built-in variables that are always available in all scopes


Several predefined variables in PHP are "superglobals", which means they are available in all scopes throughout a script. There is no need to do global $variable; to access them within functions or methods.


Variable Meaning
$_GET Contains all variables sent via a HTTP GET request. For example, a URL of myfile.php?name=Paul would load myfile.php and give you $_GET["name"] with the value "name".
$_POST Contains all variables sent via a HTTP POST request.
$_FILES Contains all variables sent via a HTTP POST file upload.
$_COOKIE Contains all variables sent via HTTP cookies.
$_REQUEST Contains all variables sent via HTTP GET, HTTP POST, and HTTP cookies. This is the equivalent of combining $_GET, $_POST, and $_COOKIE.
$_SESSION Contains all variables stored in a user's session.
$_SERVER Contains all variables set by the web server.
$_ENV Contains all environment variables.
$GLOBALS An array containing all global variables in your script.

 Note : By default, all of the superglobals are available but there
	       are directives that affect this availability. For further information, refer to the
	        documentation for variables_order. 

 Note: Dealing with register_globals
          If the deprecated register_globals directive is set to on then the variables 
          within will also be made available in the global scope of the script. For example,
           $_POST['foo'] would also exist as $foo. 

 Note: Variable variables
          Superglobals cannot be used as variable variables inside functions or class methods. 


Key value for $_ENV and $_SERVER


The most commonly used $_SERVER variables are shown in the following table. Only PHP_SELF is available on the command line.


Name Value
HTTP_REFERER If the user clicked a link to get the current page, this will contain the URL of the previous page, or it will be empty if the user entered the URL directly.
HTTP_USER_AGENT The name reported by the visitor's web browser.
PATH_INFO Any data passed in the URL after the script name.
PHP_SELF The name of the current script.
REQUEST_METHOD Either GET or POST.
QUERY_STRING Includes everything after the question mark in a GET request. Not available on the command line.


Example - Use $_SERVER


HTTP_REFERER and HTTP_USER_AGENT can find out a lot about your visitor and then take the appropriate action.


	      		<?php 
				        if (isset($_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER'])) { 
				                print "The page you were on previously was {$_SERVER['HTTP_REFERER']}<br />"; 
				        } else { 
				                print "You didn't click any links to get here<br />"; 
				        } 
				?> 
				<a href="refer.php">Click me!</a>
	      

The PATH_INFO element in $_SERVER allows you to grab directory information specified after the script. Consider this script:


	      		<?PHP
					if (isset($_SERVER['PATH_INFO'])) { 
					        print "The page you requested was {$_SERVER['PATH_INFO']}<br />"; 
					} else { 
					        print "You didn't request a page<br />"; 
					} 
				?>
	      



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